By 2014, there were 30,000 particle accelerators in operation around the globe, with 110 or so dedicated to scientific research. Quantum physicists working research and development claim they’re trying to discover the nature of the universe and the secrets of dark matter, even though they can’t claim they found or understand either. Still, the US Department of Energy allotted over $1.6 billion for High Energy Physics (HEP) projects in 2016 and 2017 alone. Those are just the US dollars, too.
Particle physics “experiments” span the globe and mingle the finances of global powers at facilities in the US, Switzerland, Japan, and Antarctica – to name a few. The US alone has spent well over half a billion dollars per year for 20 years on HEP.
While it makes no sense for the Department of Energy (DOE) to fund research to discover the nature or origins of the universe, its 2018 budget continues to “build for” and “seed the future” for high energy physics. The DOE pays for quantum computers, ring complexes, accelerators, neutrino factories, beamlines, and detectors at locations such as CERN, Fermilab, and South Dakota’s Sanford Underground Research Facility.
Sec. Rick Perry’s says the DOE’s mission includes modernizing nuclear weapons, achieving exascale computing, advancing management of nuclear waste, protecting against cyberattacks, and furthering “American dominance in scientific and energy research”.
What Have Scientists Discovered?
What scientists say about their discoveries in dark matter or antimatter at those astronomically expensive ring complexes, colliders, accelerators, and detector experiments can be pretty disappointing:
“Anything that happens, even if we find nothing at all, will be a revolution.” Jim Beacham, CERN
”It’s a little embarrassing that we still don’t know what most of the universe is made of.” Richard Gaitskell, LUX-ZEPLIN
“I think it would be fun if we discovered it, but there’s a lot of fun in the chase.” Daniel McKinsey, Sanford Underground Research Facility
What Are Neutrinos Good For?
Scientists have not seen antimatter or discovered the origins of the universe, but that doesn’t mean neutrinos fired off in those experiments won’t go to waste. Neutrinos have all kinds of uses, and there’s a global neutrino network under construction that can enable humans and artificial intelligence to tap into those beams for multiple purposes, including
- Communications on and off the planet
- Neutrino powered cell phones that communicate via neutrinos
- Neutrino communications for submarines
- Interstellar communication
- Quantum computer signals and networking
- Instantaneous financial market trades
- Surveillance, such as for nuclear bombs
- Advanced neutrino weaponry
- Energy, power generation, and fuel
- Medical advances
- and Transportation
Building the Global Neutrino Network
When the global neutrino network, is complete, humans and Ai won’t need cables or satellites to connect points on earth. Neutrinos travel through virtually anything, almost completely without interference in any form. Enrico Fermi, who’s been called the father of the nuclear age and “the last man who knew everything”, first conceived of the network and called it the Globatron.
One student said Fermi had “an inside track to God” for his concise and precise plans and formulas, but Fermi wasn’t known for planning nuclear physics experiments to find origins of the universe or antimatter. Fermi was mostly focused on making things that produce energy and beamlines, along with the Fermi Paradox for considering extraterrestrial life: “Where is everyone?”
The energy to be gained from the Globatron was already achieved in 2004. Quantum physics and mechanics may raise questions rather than answer them, but nuclear science is nevertheless building something very big and interconnected. With the already existing White Rabbit technology in place, the network can pulse out communications and energy timed to precise sub-nanoseconds.
Enter the Global Neutrino Network. CERN’S crude graphic represents its 2013 public introduction of the Global Neutrino Network, when the ANTARES, BAIKAL, IceCube and KM3NeT collaborations joined “to develop a coherent strategy” with common alerts, multi-messaging, software pool, software checks, data standards, document legacy, systematic cross-checks, school organization, and more.
The US has its own collaboration toward a global neutrino network, the neutrino factory and muon collider group known as the Muon Accelerator Program (MAP). In 2000, Peter Gruber presented at the NuFact Conference with current and planned neutrino factory beamline maps from the group:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), in the US
Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS), in the US
Fermilab, in the US
Kō Enerugī Kasokuki Kenkyū Kikō (KEK), in Japan)
Rutherford Appleton Lab (RAL), in the UK
By 2011 and 2012, physicists were already discussing the Precision IceCube Next-Generation Upgrade with attention to sending a neutrino beam to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in Antarctica, which had to date only been publicized for detecting neutrinos from interstellar origins. Fermilab’s Neutrino Working Group considers subzero temperatures, excavation/drilling free deployment, and environment are ideal for cost-effective neutrino detection – even with the projected cost of $25 to $30 million.
Physicists and contractors who are building facilities, machinery, and directing beamlines are not talking much about looking for the nature of the universe as they are focused on creating more powerful facilities with longer reaches and are already looking decades in the future to expand the global neutrino network. Most particle “experiments” are international, and most are in cooperative networks that also cooperate.
Imagine owning or having free access to a global neutrino network with its existing and future capabilities. The astronomical sums of public monies invested are not improving life for most people, but there are some who most certainly do and will benefit.
Links and Resources [Google Doc]
Thank you, #Tyler.